About Us India - Ghana Bilateral Relations

High Commission of India
Accra

India-Ghana Bilateral Relations

Political relations

India-Ghana relations have traditionally been warm and friendly resting on solid foundation anchored in shared values and common vision. India opened its representative office in Accra in 1953, prior to Ghana’s independence and established full-fledged diplomatic relations with Ghana in 1957, immediately after it attained independence.

The first ever State Visit of Hon’ble Rashtrapathiji to Ghana from June 12-14, 2016, helped further strengthen bilateral ties between India and Ghana. Three agreements/MoUs were signed during the visit: (i) MoU on the establishment of a Joint Commission; (ii) MoU on cooperation between Foreign Service Institute of the Ministry of External Affairs and the Ghanaian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Regional Cooperation; and (iii) Agreement on Exemption from Visa Requirement for holders of Diplomatic and Official passports. The only other earlier VVIP visit from India to Ghana was that of the Prime Minister Shri P. V. Narasimha Rao on 8-9 November 1995.

Shri M.J. Akbar, MoS visited Ghana from 14-16 August 2017 for Freedom 70 celebrations during which he called on Ghanaian President and handed over dummy cheque of USD1 million for rehabilitation of Presidential complex built with Indian LoC, inaugurated 'Namaskar Africa' trade show organized by FICCI and laid foundation for Foreign Service Institute being built under Indian LoC. Special Envoy to the PM, Shri Mohanbhai Kundariya (MOS for Agriculture), visited Ghana from 5-6 July 2015 to deliver PM’s invitation to President of Ghana for the IAFS-III Summit.

President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo led a high-level delegation to India to participate in the Founding Conference of International Solar Alliance held at New Delhi on 11 March, 2018. President John Dramani Mahama, accompanied by a high-level delegation, visited India to participate in the 3rd India-Africa Forum Summit (October 27-29, 2015). Minister of Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration of Ghana, H.E. Shirley Ayorkor Botchway, paid an official visit to India (16-18 July, 2018). She held delegation level talks on 18 July and signed two MoUs on (i) Cultural Exchange Programme for 2018-2022; and (ii) Cooperation between Bureau of Indian Standards and Ghana Standards Authority.

There have been regular Ministerial visits from Ghana to India including that of Deputy Minister for Communications to attend International Business Expo organized by GOI in collaboration with the Telecom Equipment and Services Export Promotion Council at New Delhi (22-23 Feb 2018); Deputy Minister of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation participated in the World Sustainable Development Summit at New Delhi (15-17 Feb 2018); Deputy Minister (Trade) participated at the Informal Gathering of Ministers Responsible for WTO at New Delhi (19-20 March, 2018); Minister of Sanitation and Water Resources attended Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention at New Delhi (29 Sept-2 Oct, 2018); Deputy Minister of Energy led a two-member delegation at the 1st General Assembly of the ISA at New Delhi (2-5 Oct 2018); Deputy Minister for Defence participated at AERO INDIA 2019 show at Bengaluru (20-24 Feb 2019); Deputy Minister of Energy, led a delegation to DAE Mumbai (27-29 May 2019); Deputy Minister of Road and Highways of Ghana participated at the India-Africa Higher Education and Skill Development Summit at New Delhi (26-27 August, 2019); Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs, Hon’ble Charles Owiredu, co-Chaired Foreign Office Consultations on 28 August, 2019; Minister for Railway Development attended the International Railway Equipment Exhibition (IREE 2019) held in New Delhi (21-23 October 2019);Kwaku Asomah-Cheremeh, Minister of Lands and Natural Resources participated at the 2019 Kimberly Process Plenary Meeting at New Delhi from 18-22 November 2019; William Owuraku Aidoo, Deputy Minister of Power participated at the 2nd Global Sigma Summit 2020 from 9-11 January 2020 at ICAR-IARI Pusa Campus, New Delhi; Deputy Minister of Energy visited India from 21-25 Januay 2020; a six-member Parliamentary delegation led by Hon. Alex Tetteh Djornobauh, MP participated in EvalFest2020 organised by Evaluation Community of India, from 12-14 February, 2020 at New Delhi.

Annual CII-EXIM Bank Conclave on India-Africa Project Partnership has seen high level participation from Ghana. Dr. Mahamudu Bawumia, Vice President led 36-member delegation as Guest of Honour at the 14th CII-EXIM Bank Conclave from 17-19 March, 2019. Minister of Business Development, led 11-member delegation at the 13th CII-EXIM Bank Conclave from 25-27 March, 2018. Speaker of Ghanaian Parliament, accompanied by Minister of Food &Agriculture, participated in the 12th CII-EXIM Bank conclave in March 2017.

Commercial relations- Ghana was included as one of the nine West African countries under the GOI’s TEAM 9 initiative launched in 2004. India has been supporting Ghana’s development by providing assistance in setting up projects through provision of Lines of Credit (LoC) and grants. So far, Government of India has extended LoC amounting to about US$480 million to Government of Ghana for various developmental projects. Some of the projects have been completed while a few are in various stages of implementation. Among the recent projects are the India-Ghana Kofi Annan Centre of Excellence for ICT; the Flag Staff House (Presidential Complex); the Pan African E-Network Project and Rural Electrification Project. Two projects under EXIM Bank of India LoC were successfully commissioned in 2016 – Komenda Sugar Plant on 30 March 2016 and Elmina Fish Harvest & Processing plant on 29 November 2016. A LoC facility for supply of 104 fire tenders to Ghana National Fire Services was also completed on 3rd December 2016. Government of Ghana signed a Buyers’ Credit agreement with EXIM Bank of India for US $ 398.33 million for the Tema-Akosombo railway line on 22 November 2016. US$48.84 million has been recommended for additional 13 kms of line, also being financed through EXIM bank under Buyers credit agreement. LoC agreements of US$ 150 million for Agriculture Mechanization and US$ 30 million to upgrade Potable Water Supply System in Yendi Town were signed in April 2019 and currently under implementation. A Foreign Policy Training Institute is also being established through a LoC funding of US $ 5 million from India. Ghana’s request for additional funding of US$ 2.06 million through concessional LoC for expansion of the project, has been approved by GoI. Additional assistance of USD 1 million was released to India-Ghana Kofi Annan Centre of Excellence for ICT set up with assistance from India (fulfillment of announcement made by Rashtrapatiji during his state visit in June 2016). Ghana has also been beneficiary of Pan African E-Network Project. A MoU was signed between the Govt. of Ghana and TCIL on 26 August 2019 for participation by Ghana in the e-VBAB Network Project to provide good quality affordable and effective tele-education and tele-medicine services through specially developed web-based platforms. Ghana was the pilot country to roll out the project, which is under implementation.

The exchange of business delegations in recent years has led to an increase in investments by Indian companies in Ghana. A number of Indian companies including Tata, Ashok Leyland, Mahindra & Mahindra, Escorts, Larson & Toubro, NIIT, M/s Shapoorji Pallonji& Co., as well as several pharmaceutical companies are establishing their presence in Ghana. Bajaj Auto Ltd. has partnered with Somoco Ghana (a subsidiary of Mohinani Group of Ghana) to market Boxer motorcycles in the Ghanaian market. According to Ghana Investment Promotion Centre Indian companies have invested in more than 700 projects to the tune of US$1.73 bn between September 1994-December 2019. In 2018, registered Indian projects numbered 18 with an FDI value of US $510.7 mn. India was second both in terms of number of project and monetary value of investment. Indian investments cover sectors including construction, manufacturing, trading, pharmaceuticals, agro-processing, services and tourism etc.

India is among top five trading partners of Ghana and is largest destination for Ghanaian exports. Ghana has a positive trade balance with India, mainly due to huge imports of gold by India which accounts for nearly 80% of total imports from Ghana. Ghana’s main exports are Gold, cocoa, nuts and timber products. India’s major exports to Ghana include pharmaceuticals, agricultural machinery, transport vehicles, electrical equipment, plastics, iron & steel, ethyl alcohol, beverages & spirits, cereals, made-up textiles etc. The trade figures for the last few years are:

(in US$ million)

Year

India’s exports to Ghana

India’s Imports from Ghana

Total Trade

Balance of Trade

2016-17

682.27

1938.54

2620.82

-1256.27

2017-18

635.78

2710.05

3345.83

-2074.27

2018-19

717.33

3763.41

4480.74

-3046.08

2019-20

617.42

1773.55

2390.97

-1156.13

April-July 2020

204.04

353.13

557.17

-149.09

(Source: Department of Commerce, Government of India)

ITEC -Capacity building is strong pillar of bilateral cooperation and Ghana has been benefiting from India’s assistance in human resource development through optimum utilization of ITEC, ICCR scholarships and specialized training programmes conducted under IAFS decisions. During the period April 2019-March 2020 Ghana utilised 67 ITEC slots, 45 ITEC (Defence slots) and 32 slots under IAFS and 8 ICCR scholarsips.

Cultural relations- There is greater awareness about India through Indian soap operas telecast by local television channels. First Festival of India in Ghana–‘Maitri’ was organized from 25 January-13 March 2017, in collaboration with Indian Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts of Ghana. Food Festival – ‘Spice Route’ was held (10-16 February, 2017); a Film Festival was held at India House (24-26 February 2017) at which three popular Bollywood movies were screened. ‘Maitri’ concluded with classical Indian dance show ‘Saptarang” by Neeru Sabharwal Group (11-13 March 2017) which performed in Accra, Koforidua and Kumasi. As part of FREEDOM 70 /India@70 celebrations, an Odissi dance troupe, sponsored by Ministry of Culture, performed at Accra on 14 August 2017 and Ho City on 16 August. To mark the launch of two-year long celebrations of Gandhi @150, the Mission held a series of events on 2 October 2018, including donations to "Gandhi Ward" of 37 Military Hospital and juvenile correctional home-James Camp Prison, presentation of cheque of US$1million to Ghana-India Kofi Annan Centre of Excellence in ICT, release of commemorative stamps on Mahatma Gandhi by former President Kufuor, screening of bhajan “Vaishnav Jan To Tene Kahiye” and organization of a peace walk followed by an ‘on the spot’ painting competition on Mahatma Gandhi. In 2019, the High Commission, in association with Chain Ghana, organised a ‘cycling march’ on 2 June; planted 175 saplings in two primary schools in Accra and at the India House on 5 June; organised a ‘peace walk’ on 29 September; gifted pharmaceutical products and OTC supplies to the Mahatma Gandhi Ward of the 37 Military Hospital. On 2 October 2019, a Special Commemorative Postage Stamps on Mahatma Gandhi was released by the Ghana Posts at a function organized at AITI-KACE, Accra. The culmination of two-year long celebrations of Gandhi@150 began in Accra on 2 September 2020, with the live streaming of narration of ‘Gandhi Katha’ on High Commission’s Facebook by Dr. Shobhana Radhakrishna, an acclaimed international speaker. On 2 October 2020, the celebration of Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi began with offering of floral tributes by High Commissioner and other dignitaries to the statue of Mahatma Gandhi located at India-Ghana Kofi Annan Centre of Excellence in ICT, Accra. The programme included screening of short documentaries on Gandhiji, cultural performances by the school children, quiz on Gandhiji and singing of Gandhiji’s favourite devotional songs - ‘Vaishnav Jan To & Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram’.

The International Day of Yoga has been celebrated annually since 2015. In 2020, the event was celebrated at the India House as well as streamed live on Facebook. Important days such as Ekta Diwas, Constitution Day, World Hindi Diwas, Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas, ITEC Day, birth anniversary of Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay, Swachta Abhiyan (Diwas/campaign), etc. are celebrated by the Mission with the participation of Indian community.

A ten-member cultural troupe from National Commission on Culture of Ghana participated at the 33rd Annual Surajkund International Crafts Mela from 1-17 February, 2019.

Indian Community: There is a sizeable Indian community in Ghana numbering around 10,000. Some of them have been in Ghana for over 70 years. Some families are now fourth generation in Ghana and most have acquired Ghanaian citizenship. Several expatriates are also working for MNCs and prominent local Ghanaian businesses as skilled workers. The Indian community is served by a Hindu Temple, a Gurudwara, and a Hindu Monastery, (the latter founded by a Ghanaian convert to Hinduism). Hare Krishna Temple (mostly run by Ghanaians) and Art of Living are also active. The Indian Association of Ghana is the oldest association, which also has a social centre that organizes Indian festivals and cultural programmes. Indian Associations make generous contributions to local community development projects and donations to charitable causes which is much appreciated by the mainstream Ghanaians. The Indian Community has played and continues to play a key role in many fields.

October 2020

Useful Resources

Website: http://www.hciaccra.in/

FacebookPage: https://www.facebook.com/IndiaInGhana/

Recommended Reading references

1.

Death and Pain: Rawlings' Ghana - the Inside Story

2.

A History of Indigenous Slavery in Ghana

3.

Ghana - A Concise History from Pre-Colonial Times to the 20th Century

4.

Selected Speeches of Kwame Nkrumah - Vol. 1 & 2

5.

The Life and Work of Kwame Nkrumah

6.

My First Coup d' Etat (Autobiography of President John DramaniMahama)

7.

The History of Ghana by Roger S. Gocking