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Summary of Deliberations - Voice of Global South Summit (12-13 January 2023)

Posted on: January 12, 2023 | Back | Print

Summary of Deliberations : Voice of Global South Summit (January 12-13, 2023)

India hosted a two-day Voice of Global South Summit on 12-13 January 2023. The Summit was held in virtual format, with 10 sessions in total. It saw participation of Leaders and Ministers from 125 countries of the Global South. The list is appended.

2. India convened this one of a kind Summit to focus international attention on priorities, perspectives and concerns of the developing world.

3. This is particularly relevant as the world passes through a difficult period marked by challenges to health, food security, affordable access to energy, climate finance and technologies, and economic growth.

4. This Summit is a timely reminder of what is at stake for over three fourths of the planet’s population that is most vulnerable to the deleterious impact of the several interlinked risks we confront.

5. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi presided over the Inaugural Leaders’ session on 12 January. This was followed by eight Ministerial-level thematic segments dedicated to addressing the most pressing concerns of the developing world. The Summit wrapped up on 13 January with a Concluding Leaders’ Session also hosted by Prime Minister.

6. The participating Leaders appreciated and congratulated the leadership of Prime Minister in hosting the Summit at a crucial juncture. They expressed hope that the Summit would serve as a catalyst for building a prosperous and inclusive future for the world that takes into account the needs of the Global South.

7. In his inaugural remarks, Prime Minister framed the key issues at stake for the developing world. He highlighted the opportunity for uplifting societies and economies of the Global South through a shared vision and agenda for change. In this endeavour, he offered to share India's experiences through simple, scalable and sustainable solutions. He highlighted India’s achievements in vaccine development, biometric based identification, digital public goods, financial inclusion, satellite technology, digital governance, last mile connectivity, etc. He also spoke about the need for the developing world to have access to technology, knowledge and critical resources. His call for a new human centric development paradigm received widespread support from participating Leaders.

8. During the Concluding Leaders’ session, Prime Minister announced a number of new initiatives by India in connection with the Voice of Global South Summit. These include:

· Aarogya Maitri
· Global South Centre of Excellence
· Global South Science and Technology Initiative
· Global South Young Diplomats Forum
· Global South Scholarships

9. In the Finance Ministers’ session, Ministers exchanged views on financing the development needs of the Global South, achieving financial inclusion, implementation of digital public goods in the financial sector, and development partnerships that are outcome-oriented and financially sustainable.

10. The Environment Ministers’ session focused attention on balancing growth with sustainability, sharing of best practices in ecological conservation, and the importance of LiFE, or lifestyle for environment launched by Prime Minister in October 2022.

11. Ministers also called for accelerated climate action and delivery of climate finance and loss and damage funding to deal with growing climate impacts, in accordance with the principles of Equity and Common But Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC).

12. In the Foreign Ministers’ session, Ministers expressed concern over the increasing fragmentation of the international landscape, and exchanged perspectives on how to create a conducive environment for the development priorities of the Global South. Ministers urged the international community to address the triple challenge of food, fuel and fertilizer shortages. They also called for renewed and inclusive multilateralism that reflects contemporary realities. The need to raise their collective voice against the scourge of terrorism was underlined.

13. The Energy Ministers’ session emphasized the criticality of energy security for global growth and human development. Access to energy amidst increasing instability, ensuring energy affordability through diversification of energy sources, sharing best practices to develop renewables and alternate energy, and harnessing the potential of biofuels were the main themes of interaction.

14. In the Commerce/Trade Ministers’ session, Ministers shared strategies on improving the business and investment climate in developing countries; upgrading connectivity and commerce; ensuring access to critical technologies and resources; fostering grass-roots innovation and sharing of best practices; and diversification of supply chains. Ministers agreed that a sustainable post pandemic recovery would be contingent on simplifying procedures, implementing technology based solutions, investing in infrastructure and ensuring equitable access to global markets.

15. In the Health Ministers’ session, participants emphasized the need to adopt an inclusive approach to global health security. Ways and means to develop digital public goods in healthcare, promote traditional medicine, build public capacities and develop regional networks, and knowledge sharing were discussed. Ministers were particularly appreciative of India’s Vaccine Maitri initiative during the Covid pandemic, as a substantive reflection of South-South cooperation.

16. In the Education Ministers’ session, ideas to transform developing countries into knowledge based societies that can create future ready workforces were shared. Ministers spoke about the need to share best practices in vocational training, capacity building and use of technology to provide equity and quality in education. India shared its National Education Policy built on the foundational pillars of access, equity, quality, affordability and accountability.

17. In the session dedicated to sharing ideas for India’s G20 Presidency, External Affairs Minister shared India’s key priorities for its G20 presidency and also assured that India would work to ensure that the valuable inputs generated from partner countries in the Voice of Global South Summit receive due cognizance globally, including in G20 deliberations.

18. Participating countries recognized with appreciation that the Summit produced fruitful conversations and charted a new path through an action oriented agenda that strives to address their priorities and challenges. They underscored the agenda and quest for solutions to global challenges must include the voices of its biggest stakeholders, the Global South.

Programme and Participation


Session Name and the Lead

Participating Countries


Inaugural Leaders’ Session

Shri Narendra Modi
Prime Minister

Voice of South: For Human-centric development

Bangladesh, Cambodia, Guyana, Mongolia, Mozambique, Papua New Guinea, Senegal,Thailand, Uzbekistan, Vietnam


Finance Ministers’ Session

Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman
Finance Minister
Financing People Centric Development

Belize, Chad, Colombia, Djibouti, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Lebanon, Lesotho, Mauritius, Nepal, Zambia, Nicaragua, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan


Environment Ministers’ Session

Shri Bhupender Yadav
Minister of Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Labour and Employment

Balancing growth with environment friendly lifestyles (LiFE)

Ethiopia, Guinea, Kiribati, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Marshall Islands, Moldova, North Macedonia, Palau, Sao Tome & Principe, Seychelles, Tajikistan, Togo, Tuvalu


Foreign Ministers’ Session

Dr. S. Jaishankar
External Affairs Minister

Priorities of the Global South - Ensuring a Conducive Environment

Armenia, Botswana, El Salvador, Georgia, Iran, Jamaica, Kenya, Maldives, Oman, Panama, Tunisia, Uganda


Energy Ministers’ Session

Shri Hardeep Singh Puri
Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas

Energy Security and Development: Roadmap to Prosperity

Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Belarus, Equatorial Guinea, Iraq, Libya, Namibia, Somalia, Syria, Vanuatu, Venezuela


Commerce/Trade Ministers’ Session

Shri Piyush Goyal
Commerce & Industry Minister

Developing Synergies in the South: Trade, Technology, Tourism, Resources

Benin, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Malaysia, Myanmar, South Sudan, Timor Leste, Zimbabwe


Health Ministers’ Session
Shri Mansukh Mandaviya
Minister for Health and Family Welfare
Cooperation to build resilient healthcare systems

Bhutan, Cameroon, Dominica, Eswatini, Grenada, Guatemala, Liberia, Malawi, Niger, Paraguay, Samoa, St. Kitts & Nevis


Education Ministers’ Session

Shri Dharmendra Pradhan
Minister of Education

Human Resource Development and Capacity Building

Barbados, Costa Rica, Cuba, Honduras, Lao PDR, Micronesia, Nauru, Solomon Islands, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & Grenadines, The Bahamas, The Gambia, Turkmenistan, Uruguay, Yemen


Foreign Ministers’ Session on G-20

Dr. S. Jaishankar
External Affairs Minister

G20: Suggestions for India’s Presidency

Albania, Antigua & Barbuda, Chile, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Mali, Mauritania, Philippines, Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Serbia, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago, UAE


Concluding Leaders’ Session

Shri Narendra Modi
Prime Minister

Unity of Voice, Unity of Purpose

Ecuador, Ghana, Kazakhstan, Nigeria, Peru, Sri Lanka, Suriname


New Delhi
January 13, 2023